Planting fruit trees in Phoenix, Arizona
In this article, I talk about the fruit trees that work in Arizona
The first thing I will do is crush your dreams of growing tropical trees. I've seen it happen, but the effort outweighs the reward. If you want a mango or avocado tree in your yard, I recommend moving to Hawaii, because that's not the kind of climate we live in. To great lengths to combat frost. They have to cover the trees at night and put the lights under them to help them stay in the winter. They also have to go to similar lengths to combat heat. Say forget it and plant something that wants to be here unless tropical trees are just a passion for you.
Although Phoenix has a lot of cold weather, it is not cold enough for many stone fruits. Most fruits of the stone require a certain amount of clocks to produce fruit. I could give you a long explanation of the cold hours or I could tell you that you don't buy anything that requires more than 400 hours of cold. This excludes cold loving plants like cherries and many apples.
Apples that grow well here are more than what an apple calls a "cooking class." Some people claim success with Fuji apples, but it all depends on spending a cold year. Apple's growing apple in the Phoenix desert is not so different from the tropics as far as I'm concerned: it's only worth it for amateurs.
Let's focus now on the trees that thrive in Arizona:
Pecan works great here, and I say it's best to plant trees all over the world because it can provide good food, shade and good wood for cooking. It is a tree that gives a lot and only needs water and some occasional pruning to beat the wind to the branches. A good brave does a much better job of thinning pecans than the wind.
The berries are copious in Phoenix and are of little value. The cultivated variety rarely enjoys good fruits, which is why the reputation of berries is not great. Personally, I am a big fan of the berry, Oscar and Pakistani varieties with a delicious gesture that goes a little towards Oscars. These trees are also growing fast, and unlike water consumption I can't think of anything I don't like.
There are many types of peaches that work well in Phoenix and I've never met peaches I didn't like. I recommend planting several different species close together. For the yard space, you can prune them to keep the trees small (I'll show you how). With different peach species naturally ripen at slightly different times, you will have a longer peach season than an orchard specializing in just one group. This will definitely prolong your life, because everyone knows that the long peach season is equal to longevity.
I have seen a lot of success with plum trees here, although I'm not sure which species to choose from. The plums you planted didn't work well, but there are definitely some plum types that look great here. I would plant many and keep the ones that produce and taste the best.
A fruit tree is not technically a tree, but it produces fruits that in some countries are considered the most sensitive: the date palm. Dates are the opposite of pecans because it requires a lot of work to produce a good crop of dates. They grow well in Phoenix but need a great deal of water to thrive. If you imagine a desert oasis, there are dates to be found. Date growers will climb their trees 6 times or more each year to pollinate, thin and eventually harvest dates. If you are serious about owning date crops, it can be done, but it is definitely hard work. One thing to remember is that dates are born "real" only if they are planted through a variety of recognized fruit produced. You can plant date seeds and get date palms, but they won't usually produce edible fruits. However, the famous Sphinx variety of history was from a seedlings planted in Phoenix many years ago.
So now its really great: loquat. This rare fruit tree is native to southern China which seems to have a climate similar to Phoenix. These trees thrive here and produce an amazing fruit. It is a strange fruit, alien to the average person, so I'm not sure how to describe it. You just have to take my word because these trees are worth a try. The tree may take about five years to produce fruit, but then you must have a lot.
Pomegranate okay in Phoenix. Sometimes, it may be difficult to get the fruits to fully ripen, complete with the beautiful red ruby that we expect. This problem can often be solved by placing a piece of clear cloth over the plant during the day during the hottest months. This leads to a significant temperature difference between day and night and can lead to the process of maturation. Pomegranate also tends to spread rapidly from sucker growth and needs permanent pruning to keep it confined to its original area.
All kinds of citrus grow here and I will drop a few names for those that I think are often overlooked but they should not be: Kumquats, Oroblanco Pomelo, Mandarins and Yellow Limes. These are all fairly rare but they taste amazing and wish more people know about them.
The best advice I can offer is to buy small trees, buy lots of them, and remember to be patient. Before you know that you will have a lot of fruit you will not know what to do with everything. If you are looking for more information, I would recommend reviewing the Arizona Fireworks Club of Arizona and the Sustainable Agriculture Growing Locations in the Phoenix area.