Arizona was the promised land for youth, ambition, outlaw, moderate, opportunist, and reckless. They arrived by trusty steed, stalks, or horse and buggy to carve a future in the hostile desert. Man vista was infinite.
Women, however, were pawns in the game of danger. Their jobs were limited to serving men who wanted cooked meals, clean rooms, washed clothes, and entertainment that hungry males longed for. A teacher or nurse sometimes spilled into the province, but the majority of women were inundated in two camps: respected children and all others.
Regardless of the social situation, these pioneering women were second-class citizens, unable to vote and protect themselves against evil in the hearts of men. The wise woman conducted herself with the decor. If she was married, she willingly took care of her home, obliged her family's needs, and acted modestly. Until 1886, depression, distress, distress, and religious fanaticism were tolerated.
But the opening of the regional asylum of insanity in Phoenix offered a demonic alternative. Freedom from financial or emotional responsibility for the annoying female was just a petition. Will, then, for women who have toured the water either by design or action.
I learned about the horrific treatment of women in the Arizona state of Arizona by examining the commitment requests that are present today at the Arizona State Archives and Records Office at the Capitol. It documents the incarceration of women who are treated with depression and the various stages of unbalance today through outpatient treatment and prescriptions.
Compliance petitions were easily submitted by any relative, friend, provincial official or an ordinary acquaintance. Within a day, the matter can be arrested and examined by court-appointed doctors, and handed over to the asylum belly by a chief judge. Records reveal that women whose behavior has been affected by pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause have been abused by family and doctors who have a medieval understanding of normal female body functions.
Maria de la Bush, 22, was sentenced to death by her husband Arthur. Doctors approved. They committed on September 8, 1909 because of depression of pregnancy and "lack of interest in things at home." In a previous similar case, Joseph Dobson sent his wife Mabel, 38, on September 6, 1904, with the support of doctors. Assess that the cause of her depression and her sagging speech are caused by childbirth. According to a marginal notation, she muttered throughout her examination that she would "go to hell."
and I did. Some women who were sent to asylum for short periods, while others survived months, even years, in poor cells, their final graves. Regardless of the length of their incarceration, they all endured harsh treatment by non-sympathetic attendees, a persistent tone of complaint and a screaming hole from their fellow prisoners.
Many women committed to depression in middle age owe their grief to external causes, not physical change. Two months after moving to Phoenix from New Mexico, Julie Barefoot, 41, committed on June 28, 1911. Her husband, Malcolm, interpreted the signs of home nostalgia she showed as "losing her mind."
Sweden-born Anna Anderson Brown, 39, had lived in Arizona for four years when her husband, Jackson C., lost. Brown, her patience for her sad behavior. Doctors confirmed that she "cried and talked about her desire to go away to see her sister," but they committed it on 25 November 1910 without addressing the homesickness and anxiety for remote family members who hastened her depression.
Nostalgia in Colorado caused the fall of Betty Ann Hickman, 37, whose husband reported "mental attacks" and "irrational behavior" three months before she asked for her commitment on June 29, 1903. Although doctors noticed nothing but Normal during their examination. My husband left the courtroom free of wife moans and cry.
Ugly women did not perform better than their sad sisters. Minnie Zion, 31, went to her torment on December 21, 1908, just in time for her husband, PL Zion, to celebrate Christmas and New Year in wearing style, devoid of her "constant talk." Similarly, Minnie J. Blunt, 47, spoke on his way to the asylum. Her husband, V.V. Blunt, of that "Mini talks are ongoing … very tense and do not sleep well." The reason, he said, was "mental anxiety". Instead of treating its source, doctors ordered it on December 13, 1909. Just one month later, on January 13, 1910, JA Kitcherside, the medical supervisor of the regional asylum, signed a death certificate from Mini. He cited the reason as "heart failure." Have you been strangled to death while being held by midwives and gaskets? These abuse stories flourish.
Annie Ellis, 35, worked as a laundry to help pay for the family home and much more. Despite her financial contribution to the family, her husband complained that she "doesn't take care of the house or the child and doesn't worry at all hours of the night." Although doctors noticed that she "seemed rational," she was committed on March 22, 1909. A memo in her file dated May 5, 1909 states: "… a patient at the Arizona State Hospital expired while waiting for parole"
He was angry that his wife Clara, 32, was depressed during her menstrual periods, and EA Strong asked the court to commit her, noting that she was not dangerous, but sometimes she went without eating or sleeping. The big girl "… sometimes very severe and without reason." Clara entered the asylum on December 23, 1902, confirming to her husband a worry-free vacation. On April 3, 1903, W.D. Ward, the provincial medical superintendent of asylum madness, has a death note stating that Clara died in asylum on 2 April 1903 due to "exhaustion from acute obsession".
Lizzie Bowen, 40, whose husband Robert has complained of her grief and "bouts of violence," told doctors of the examination that she believed she was poisoned. Doctors noticed her to be calm and healthy without any signs of violence reported by her husband, but instead of investigating her assertion that he was trying to kill her, they ordered her to commit it on 15 March 1906.
Ida Tompkins, 45, was tense and dormant from the symptoms of menopause. George, her husband, cited "breastfeeding and debility" as further evidence of madness. The judge noted that George had “paid for her expenses”, which he had committed on May 11, 1905. George Tompkins and other men had little difficulty persuading doctors and judges to deport disturbing women. For example, H. H. Wupperman committed that his 17-year-old daughter Gracie was suffering from "nervous prostration," a mysterious disease often attributed in court documents to unmanageable women. The doctors wrote: "She constantly talks, and believes that her father loses his mind and needs care." Would Gracie be a sensible family member? Regardless, her father willingly paid for asylum expenses. It was committed on July 18, 1904.
Maeda F. traveled. Nelson, 19, came to Arizona in early 1908 to live with her married sister. Five weeks later, Elia, her brother-in-law, carries enough of Maeda's party to petition the court for her commitment. He said: "It is very absent, and can not continue a long conversation, and sometimes refuses to eat, and will roam and get lost if not seen." He attributed these qualities to the cessation of menstruation, a shock he blamed on her father, who considered him "a strange man, studying and
Think abnormally about religious subjects. "The doctors who examined found that MEDA was calm and regular, but cited her memory gradually deteriorating as a reason to commit it.
Medical examiners associated with typical behaviors for pregnant women and menstruating women who have gone crazy have mistakenly screened people with real physical ailments. Sadie Vaughn, 33, was arrested by special prosecutor Ike Ford after a "nervous prostration" attack. In his petition, Ford wrote, "(Sadie) has no mind of her own, speaks irrationally, and is subject to bouts of total collapse." Sadie was committed on February 4, 1905 by court doctors who noticed her as "… extremely dirty, noisy … and with epilepsy."
Like Sadie, Ola Mai Farley, 18, had epilepsy. Her father, John Farley, stated that she had threatened to kill herself and others, had an uncontrollable mood, and had seizures. The examiners found her in good physical condition, clean and quiet, but they committed it on 3 December 1906, citing her "not being able to remember things."
Dolores Latosmado, 29, a Mexican woman, appeared in court at the request of MP Sharif Oscar Roberts, who was arrested for "having epilepsy, not feeling well, will not care for her children, and will not sleep." Doctors note that she “doesn't answer questions cleverly.” Can language be a barrier? They committed on February 1, 1904 because of "monthly epileptic seizures," her tendency to become "hysterical when mentioning a husband or children", and constant crying.
Cordelia Ivy, 23, committed in early 1903 after her father complained that she had wandered away from the house and talked irrationally for fifteen years. The court doctor noted, "Cordelia seems to be deaf … He doesn't seem to understand everything she is told" and "has bouts of mood." Like other women with epilepsy or deafness, Cordelia is likely to spend the rest of her days in custody.
While most unwanted women were sent to regional asylum by husbands and fathers, some had friends interfering with their arrest. Maggie Black, 36, made a mistake in clinging to William Duensey as she suspected her husband had misunderstandings while away from home working in Mammoth Maine in Pima County. In his petition, Dohency declared that Maggie "speaks occasionally intermittently" and "is unable to take care of herself and her children while her husband works outside the city". Doctors noticed that Maggie "tingle muscles, wanting to coordinate," and talked about expecting "to burn her farm and kill her children because her husband is wrong." In conclusion, "in our opinion this is temporary", they committed it on 26 April 1906, giving her husband an additional reason for rape.
Charles E. Hazleton sought the commitment of his friend, Louise Miller, 33, on the basis of "her disconnected speech, nerves, bad sleep habits, and fear of her absolute husband." In the presence of the court doctors, Louise was "tense and praying, walking around combing her hair, drinking large amounts of water, and talking about the things I saw." On December 16, 1909, her ex-husband stopped his basic fear.
Many women became familiar with asylum based on revolving door. Carrie List, 50, was the subject of two separate obligations, the first on 3 February 1904 when her son, John List, told her in court that she had taken the poison and threatened to kill her husband. He attributed her behavior to "irritation in home life". Doctors noticed about her "wonderful appearance," and then sent her to the asylum. Its launch the following year was short-lived. On November 18, 1905, a girlfriend, c. Holly, petitioning for her commitment. He said, "It is exciting and talking madly," expressing surprise that she "left the house and refuses to return," and threatens to "throw her mother-in-law out of the house using force, if necessary." Doctors, who agreed that Carey was "wrong and too talkative," punished her for acting in front of a pregnant husband, children who were not grateful, and a malevolent wife.
These victims of ignorance were mere lips in the early history of Arizona, the promised land, which lawmakers implicitly overlooked the disturbing behavior of women in the insane asylum. Arizona today ranks second nationally in the murders of women linked to domestic violence by men.
Who is crazy now?